0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

In This Article

Decoding the link between long Covid and sleep problems
219

Decoding the link between long Covid and sleep problems

Long Covid has been causing sleep-related issues in some individuals. Experts decode the association between long-Covid and sleep disturbances
The study highlighted poor sleep quality in people who had previously been diagnosed with depression or anxiety.

Several countries are still grappling with the long-term effects of Covid-19. Individuals affected with coronavirus recovered after a couple of days or weeks, and their sleep also returned to normal. But for others, the symptoms of the infection, such as breathlessness, fatigue, and other symptoms, developed and affected their sleep for a longer period.

There are two factors which affect sleep — one is a triggering factor and other is a perpetuating factor (like poor sleep habits). “In the event of long-term Covid infection, sleep is affected by a triggering factor, such as the infection,” says Dr Ravindra Mehta, head of department, Pulmonology, Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore.

In a study published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, researchers evaluated the sleep quality of people with and without Covid, during and after their infection. They found that some people with Covid had increased sleep disturbances, while others had a decreased quality of sleep. Some people had extreme fatigue, while others had insomnia. Some people had trouble sleeping at night, while others had trouble sleeping during the day and didn’t feel refreshed when they woke up.

Does long Covid cause sleep-related problems?

Covid can cause anxiety and respiratory symptoms, which can interfere with sleep and cause sleep disorders such as insomnia. According to experts, the duration of sleep related issues can vary from person to person. However, some people may experience persistent symptoms like fatigue and breathlessness for weeks or even months after recovering from the infection. In some cases, the persistent symptoms may affect respiratory function or the person’s mental health, resulting in sleep disturbances lasting for a longer period, says Dr Sunil Kumar K, lead consultant, Interventional Pulmonology at Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore.

In a study published in the journal The Lancet, researchers found that sleep problems were common among Covid patients who were hospitalized. The study linked sleep disturbance to breathlessness, another long-term symptom of Covid. The researchers also found that post-Covid sleep problems were linked to reduced muscle function, as well as anxiety, which was associated with long-term Covid infection.

The study highlighted poor sleep quality in people who had previously been diagnosed with depression or anxiety; had difficulty breathing; were smokers; or had pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and kidney problems.

Insomnia and its link with long Covid

In an International collaborative study on the link between Insomnia and long-term Covid, published in the December 2023 edition of Sleep Medicine journal, it was found that the relationship between insomnia and long-term Covid is bidirectional. The study emphasizes addressing sleep and insomnia in the prevention and management of long Covid.

Getting a good night’s sleep in stressful situations, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, can be challenging. “Coronasomnia is a word created during the Covid-19 pandemic to describe sleep disruptions caused due to pandemic-induced anxieties in an individual,” explains Dr Kumar.  The experts also highlight the following ways coronasomnia may impact your sleep:

  • Increased anxiety, resulting in sleeplessness.
  • Changes in eating habits can disturb circadian rhythms.
  • Increased screen time exacerbates sleep-onset problems.
  • Pandemic-related health issues such as respiratory issues resulting in sleep disruptions.
  • Economic uncertainty and social isolation exacerbate stress-related problems.

Coping with long Covid-related sleep problems

Sleep deprivation due to long Covid can have a negative impact on your cardiovascular and metabolic health, leading to increased risk of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. According to experts, a thorough evaluation of your health, including physical and psychological factors, is necessary. Here are some effective strategies that can help you manage long-term sleep issues associated with Covid-19:

  1. Following a consistent sleep schedule
    Keeping a consistent time while going to bed and waking up at the same time every day, including on weekends can help improve your sleep-wake cycles.
  2. Use relaxation techniques
    Practicing relaxation techniques like mindfulness and deep breathing can help reduce blood pressure thus relieving oneself from stress and anxiety which may contribute to sleep problems.
  3. Exercising
    Reintroduce physical activity gradually, considering the individual capacities can help with sleep issues. However, experts recommend a gap of two weeks before resuming exercise post recovery from Covid-19 infection.
  4. Limit alcohol or caffeine intake
    Consumption of alcohol or caffeine can disrupt sleep and can also have adverse effects on the immune system of an individual.
  5. Taking melatonin supplements
    Melatonin supplements can help in improving sleep-quality in individuals with Covid-19. Though melatonin supplements are generally safe, it is always advised to follow up with a health expert before taking it.
  6. Seek medical help
    If the sleep problems persist for a very long time, the individual is advised to seek the help of a health expert immediately.

Takeaways

  • While some individuals fully recovered from Covid-19 infection, a few others have been dealing with its long-term effects on their sleep.
  • Coronasomnia is a word created during the Covid-19 pandemic to describe sleep disruptions caused due to pandemic-induced anxieties. Increased anxiety, resulting in sleeplessness is one way how coronasomnia can impact the sleep.

  • Following a consistent sleep schedule and limiting alcohol or caffeine intake can help cope with long-Covid related sleep issues.

Related Tags

Related Posts

Share Your Experience/Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Summit Registration

NOTE: The summit will be held at NIMHANS Convention Centre, Bengaluru.

Wellness Registration Form

-
-
-
Total Amount INR 3000
Trending

Articles

Article
Some couples consciously decide not to have children despite familial and social expectations, wanting to make the best of their relationship. Children should be had for their own sake, says psychotherapist Tasneem Nakhoda
Article
Insufficient consumption of heart-healthy foods can affect cardiovascular health. Experts discuss beneficial dietary choices
Article
Cycling and walking are both great cardiovascular activities that aid weight loss and keep various health conditions away. Pick one that suits your fitness goals and physical condition, say experts
Article
Summer drinks, though hydrating, can have excess sugar. Nutritionists suggest a few alternatives to keep the body temperature and sugar levels down
Article
Packed with protein, this recipe will help in weight management by keeping you full for a long time
Article
Researchers have found that a quick snooze can improve the retention of information by strengthening memories, leading to better recollection over an extended period
Trending

Articles

Article
Some couples consciously decide not to have children despite familial and social expectations, wanting to make the best of their relationship. Children should be had for their own sake, says psychotherapist Tasneem Nakhoda
Article
Insufficient consumption of heart-healthy foods can affect cardiovascular health. Experts discuss beneficial dietary choices
Article
Cycling and walking are both great cardiovascular activities that aid weight loss and keep various health conditions away. Pick one that suits your fitness goals and physical condition, say experts

0

0

0

Web Stories 

0

0

0

0

0

0

Opt-in To Our Daily Newsletter

* Please check your Spam folder for the Opt-in confirmation mail

Opt-in To Our
Daily Newsletter

We use cookies to customize your user experience, view our policy here

Your feedback has been submitted successfully.

The Happiest Health team will reach out to you at the earliest