Jump to Topics

Know more about PCOS

Know more about PCOS

Lifestyle changes, relevant tests and prescribed medications can help manage the symptoms of PCOS



The subject of women’s menstrual health is largely avoided or ignored. As a result, there is insufficient awareness about its various aspects even among adolescent girls and women.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is one such aspect of menstrual health that affects 2.2 to 26 percent of women globally, as per India’s National Health Portal. Doctors describe PCOS as a hormonal disorder that causes infrequent, irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles. It commonly affects women during their reproductive age.

Dr N Sapna Lulla, lead consultant, obstetrics and gynaecology, Aster CMI Hospital Bengaluru, told Happiest Health that PCOS affects one in ten women in India. “PCOS is one of the most common metabolic and reproductive disorders among women of reproductive age,” she said. “PCOS results from a combination of causes, including genes and environmental factors. Factors such as excess insulin, androgen and hereditary causes can increase the risk of developing PCOS.”


Dr Lulla said that obese women tend to show severe symptoms and complications. “Some of the complications associated with PCOS are infertility, gestational diabetes, miscarriage or premature birth, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver), metabolic syndrome, sleep apnoea, depression, anxiety, abnormal uterine bleeding and endometrial cancer,” she said. “A cluster of conditions that occur together can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.”

The symptoms of PCOS are irregular periods, missed periods, weight gain, thinning hair, excessive hair growth (hirsutism) on the face, chest, back or buttocks, infertility, acne and oily skin.  Not all women will have all the symptoms of PCOS as each body differs from one another. Thus the symptoms will also vary.

“Various hormones control our bodily functions,” said Dr Sarika Gupta, consultant, gynaecologic, oncology and robotic gynaecology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi. “The main hormones that play cyclical changes in PCOS include estrogen and progesterone. There is also an increase in androgen. This hormone is mostly present in men, but women have them too.”

Treatment and diagnosis of PCOS

“We recommend women with PCOS to take blood tests, do an ultrasound and pelvis exam,” Dr Lulla said. “Other tests include periodic check-ups of blood pressure, glucose tolerance and cholesterol and triglyceride levels. To find out further health complications, women with PCOS should go for screenings for depression, anxiety and obstructive sleep apnoea.”

Dr Gupta suggested lifestyle changes including weight reduction, regular to moderate exercise and reducing carbohydrate intake. “Doctors also prescribe medications which may include hormonal medicine and medicines that help in better carbohydrates metabolism,” she said.

Share Your Experience/Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *



CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating. According to American Heart Association, immediate CPR can double or triple chances of survival after cardiac arrest. Keeping the blood flow active, even partially, extends the opportunity for a successful resuscitation once trained medical staff arrive on site. It is an important lifesaving first-aid tool that can be performed by anyone.
A new lifestyle adaptation seems to be about breaking a set of habits that are not as innocuous as they are believed to be
Chocolates have been credited for providing better heart health. According to a study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology in 2020, eating chocolate at least once a week helps reduce the risk of heart disease. The study says that eating chocolate more than once a week was associated with an eight per cent decreased risk of coronary artery disease. But how does one choose a good dark chocolate? Watch to find out.
People with vitamin D deficiency have a lower insulin secretion than those with optimal levels of the vitamin, according to some studies




Opt-in To Our Daily Newsletter

* Please check your Spam folder for the Opt-in confirmation mail
We use cookies to customize your user experience, view our policy here

Your feedback has been submitted successfully.

The Happiest Health team will reach out to you at the earliest