6 things to know about allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is a genetic condition characterized by inflammation of the nasal passage. The lifelong condition occurs due to a reaction to certain environmental allergens (like pollen, dust mites, etc.) and has no cure.

Some get allergic rhinitis during particular seasons, while others have it all year round. It can trigger symptoms like a runny or blocked nose, headache, nasal congestion, repeated sneezing and fatigue.

Severe cases can lead to more complicated problems like sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus), ear pain and reduced hearing. Individuals prone to allergic rhinitis may also have asthma.

Primary tests for diagnosing allergic rhinitis include a specific IgE test, which measures the level of immunoglobulin E (an antibody) in the blood and a skin prick test, where several allergens are tested by pricking the skin.

Allergy medications like nasal sprays and antihistamines can provide short-term relief from allergic rhinitis.

The long-term solution for allergic rhinitis is immunotherapy, which reduces one's sensitivity to an allergen over time.

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