Melanin, a protein found in specialised cells called melanocytes, not only contributes to the diverse range of skin tones, hair and eye colours but also functions as a natural sunscreen, protecting us from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays.
Let us unravel the colourful mysteries of melanin and know how it protects our skin and maintains our unique beauty.
While it is clear that melanin protects the body from harmful UV rays, research suggests that melanin absorbs only 50-75 per cent of them. Many take sunbath as a remedial approach to boost melanin production, however, it increases the risk of skin cancer.
One must take preventive measures such as using broad-spectrum sunscreens before stepping out in the sun or even at home, using sunglasses, and proper hydration to maintain optimum electrolytes for body functioning.
Reviewed by: Shikha Trivedi, Dermatologist, Ranchi.